Catalytic reduction is a process that helps to reduce harmful emissions from industrial and transportation sources. One of the most effective forms of catalytic reduction is selective catalytic reduction (SCR). SCR is used to reduce the amount of nitrogen oxides (NOx) emitted from diesel engines and power plants.
In this article, we will discuss the basics of SCR and explain how the reduction of NOx helps to improve air quality and protect the environment.
What is Selective Catalytic Reduction (SCR)?
Selective catalytic reduction is a process that uses a catalyst to convert NOx, which is a harmful pollutant, into nitrogen and water. The process is typically used in diesel engines and power plants, which are major sources of NOx emissions. The catalytic reduction process works by injecting a reducing agent– such as anhydrous ammonia or aqueous ammonia– into the exhaust stream. These agents react with the NOx to form harmless diatomic nitrogen and water.
SCR technology is widely used in heavy-duty vehicles and power plants. The catalytic converter has a honeycomb structure coated with catalytic materials that are used as a reducing agent. The exhaust gases pass through the catalytic converter and the NOx present in the exhaust gas is reduced to nitrogen and water vapor.
Why is NOx Reduction Important for the Environment?
The burning of fossils produces a group of highly reactive gases called NOx. When released into the atmosphere, NOx can cause a variety of health problems, including asthma and other respiratory diseases. Additionally, NOx can contribute to the formation of smog and acid rain. By reducing the amount of NOx emitted from diesel engines and power plants, catalytic reduction helps to improve air quality and protect the environment.
NOx also contributes to the formation of particulate matter, which is a major contributor to air pollution. It causes health issues like lung cancer, heart disease, stroke and premature death. The highly reactive nature of NOx can also contribute to the formation of ground-level ozone. This can irritate the eyes and lungs, and cause damage to crops and other vegetation.
Learn More About Catalytic Reduction
Catalytic reduction, particularly selective catalytic reduction (SCR), is an effective way to reduce harmful emissions from industrial and transportation sources. By reducing the amount of nitrogen oxides (NOx) emitted from diesel trucks and power plants, SCR technology helps to improve air quality and protect the environment. This process can reduce NOx emissions by up to 90%. This helps to reduce the formation of particulate matter and ground-level ozone in the atmosphere.
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